Vinton Auto Insurance is deciding how much money to keep in its checking accounts to cover

insurance claims. In the past, the company held some of the premiums it received in interest-bearing

checking accounts and put the rest into investments that are not quite as liquid but tend to generate a

higher investment return. The company wants to study cash flows to determine how much money it

should keep in its checking accounts to pay claims. There are two types of claims: “repair” claims, and

“totaled” claims. After reviewing historical data, the company has determined that the number of

repair claims filed each week is a random variable that follows the probability distribution shown in

the following table:

# Repair Claims 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Probability 0.030 0.106 0.185 0.216 0.189 0.132 0.077 0.039 0.017 0.007 0.002

The company has also determined that the average cost per repair claim is normally distributed with

a mean of $1,200 and standard deviation of $300 (with no negative values). To be clear, the costs of

covering of each individual repair claim are not normally distributed; rather, the average cost per

repair claim for a given week is normally distributed with a mean of $1,200 and a standard deviation

of $300. In addition to repair claims, the company also receives claims for cars that have been “totaled”

and cannot be repaired. There is a 15% chance of receiving one claim of this type in any week, and

there is no chance of receiving more than one in any week. The cost for “totaled” cars is given by the

following: $7500 * X, where X is a log-normal random variable with a mean parameter of 0.15 and a

standard deviation parameter of 0.5.

a. Develop a descriptive model of this scenario; identify and name random and non-random

variables along the way. You may develop a flowchart for yourself to help you visualize, but

do not attach it to the submission.

b. List all random variables, their distributions, and parameters.

c. Code the model in Excel and replicate it 10,000 times. Answer the following questions (do

not attach the spreadsheet):

i. What is the weekly average cost of all claims?

ii. Suppose that the company decides to keep $15,000 cash on hand to pay claims. What is

the probability that this amount will not be adequate to cover claims in any given week?